Letters To A Young Contrarian – Christopher Hitchens

My dear X, It is a strange thing, but it remains true that our language contains no proper word for your aspiration. The noble title of “dissident” must be earned rather than claimed; it connotes sacrifice and risk rather than mere disagreement, and it has been consecrated by many exemplary men and women. “Radical” is a useful and honourable term, but it comes with various … Continue reading Letters To A Young Contrarian – Christopher Hitchens

The Outsider and The Trial

The “Outsider”, written by Albert Camus, and ” The Trial”, written by Franz Kafka, are two books that have been critically acclaimed since the time that they were published. There are critics that claim that ” The Outsider” is a dull book, and is not even a read-worthy book. Other people claim that it shows us how society actually acts upon people who do not … Continue reading The Outsider and The Trial

Conceptualizing critical thinking

Judging by the attention given to critical thinking in educational journals and in the official documents of governing agencies, support for teaching critical thinking at all levels of education is extremely strong in North America and the UK. But, agreement about teaching critical thinking persists only so long as theorists remain at the level of abstract discussion and permit their use of the term to … Continue reading Conceptualizing critical thinking

Things No Amount of Learning Can Teach

Noam Chomsky interviewed by John Gliedman November 1983 QUESTION: Why do you believe that language behaviour critically depends on the existence of a genetically preprogrammed language organ in the brain? CHOMSKY: There’s a lot of linguistic evidence to support this contention. But even in advance of detailed linguistic research, we should expect heredity to play a major role in language because there is really no … Continue reading Things No Amount of Learning Can Teach

The Kuleshov Effect

The Kuleshov Effect is a film editing (montage) effect demonstrated by Russian filmmaker Lev Kuleshov in the 1910s and 1920s. Kuleshov edited together a short film in which a shot of the expressionless face of Tsarist matinee idol Ivan Mosjoukine was alternated with various other shots (a plate of soup, a girl in a coffin, a woman on a divan). The film was shown to an audience who believed that the expression on … Continue reading The Kuleshov Effect

“Strange Situation”

What is Attachment? Attachment is a special emotional relationship that involves an exchange of comfort, care, and pleasure. The roots of research on attachment began with Freud’s theories about love, but another researcher is usually credited as the father of attachment theory. John Bowlby devoted extensive research to the concept of attachment, describing it as a “lasting psychological connectedness between human beings.” Bowlby shared the … Continue reading “Strange Situation”

“Halo Effect”

The halo effect is a type of cognitive bias in which our overall impression of a person influences how we feel and think about his or her character. Essentially, your overall impression of a person (“He is nice!”) impacts your evaluations of that person’s specific traits (“He is also smart!”). One great example of the halo effect in action is our overall impression of celebrities. … Continue reading “Halo Effect”